Mycoplasma Pneumoniae: Characteristics, Conditions, Pathogenesis
Mycoplasma pneumoniae is the primary bacterium of the genus Mycoplasma. This species is responsible for causing more than 2 million infections each year in the United States. While infectious mycoplasma pneumoniae is a highly contagious disease, only 3 to 10% of infected people develop symptoms according to bronchopneumonia. However, in most cases it presents with mild clinical manifestations such as pharyngitis, trichomoniasis, bronchiolitis, and croup, while others are asymptomatic. Infection with this bacterium can occur throughout the year, but is most common in late autumn and winter. The infection can appear at any age, but the most sensitive age groups are children over 5 years old, adolescents and young adults. For reasons that are still unknown, children under 3 years of age have an increased risk of respiratory infections, while older children and adults are more likely to get pneumonia.